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Pulteneys Inn

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Pulteney House; Pountney's Inn; Manor of the Rose; Redde Roos; Red Rose

In the civil parish of City Of London.
In the historic county of City of London.
Modern Authority of City and County of the City of London.
1974 county of Greater London.

OS Map Grid Reference: TQ32718079
Latitude 51.51066° Longitude -0.08894°

Pulteneys Inn has been described as a probable Fortified Town House.

There are no visible remains.


Licence to crenellate issued, in 1341, to Johannes de Pulteneye, for 'mansum' in London. John de Pulteney was mayor of London 1330-33 and 1336. He also obtained, at the same time, licenses for Penshurst Place and Cheveley. Pulteney House, situated in or near Candlewick Street, in the parish later called St. Lawrence Pountney in the City of London.

Pulteney's Inn, later know as the manor of the Rose, was (Sir John Pulteney's) principal residence, developed in the late 1330's with a crenellated range (possibly the hall) and a four-storeys tower at its upper end erected under a licence of 1341. The property was subsequently held by a number of distinguished magnates including the Black Prince, the earl of Arundel (1385-97), Edmund, duke of York, the dukes of Suffolk (1439-1504), and Edward, duke of Buckingham (1506-21). This was a mansion on the grandest scale, but though a late thirteenth/early fourteenth-century two-bay vaulted undercroft, narrow vaulted passage, and two small chambers in line were discovered in 1894, they were ruthlessly destroyed. (Emery, p. 223)
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Sources of information, references and further reading
  • English Heritage (PastScape) Defra or Monument number(s) 404681.
  • County Historic Environment Record (or Sites and Monuments Record) number(s) 041396/00/00.
  • Books
    • Renn, Derek., 2014, ‘The other towers of London’ in Hidden histories and records of antiquity; essays on Saxon and medieval London for John Clark, curator emeritus, Museum of London (London and Middlesex Archaeology Society Special Paper 17) p. 32-5
      Emery, Anthony, 2006, Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales Vol. 3 Southern England (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) p. 223, 439
      Brigham, T. and Woodger, A., 2001, Roman and medieval townhouses on the London waterfront: excavations at Governor's House, City of London (London: MoLAS 9)
      Schofield, J., 1999 3edn, The Building of London from the Conquest to the Great Fire (Stroud) p. 81-2 and fig. 83
      Colvin, H. and Foister, S. (eds), 1996, The Panorama of London c. 1544 by Anthonis van den Wyngaerde (London Topographical Society 151) VII 7
      Schofield, J., 1995, Medieval London Houses (Yale University Press) p. 43, 69, 193 No. 114 (Plan)
      Lobel, M.D. (ed), 1989, The City of London from prehistoric times to c.1520 British Atlas of Historic Towns Vol. 3 (Oxford University Press) p. 85 online copy
      Salzman, L.F., 1957 (2edn 1965), Building in England Down to 1540 p. 575-6
      Harben, H.A., 1918, A Dictionary of London online transcription
      Turner, T.H. and Parker, J.H., 1859, Some account of Domestic Architecture in England (Oxford) Vol. 3 Part 2 p. 413 online copy
  • Periodical Articles
    • Davis, Philip, 2010-11, 'Crenellated town houses in Medieval England' Castle Studies Group Journal Vol. 24 p. 270-91
      Kingsford, C.L., 1917, 'Historical Notes on Medieval London Houses (Part 2)' London Topographical Record Vol. 11 p. 74-8
      Norman, P., 1901, 'Sir John de Pulteney and his Two Residences in London, Coldharbour and the Manor of the Rose, Together with a Few Remarks on the Parish of St Lawrence Pountney' Archaeologia Vol. 57 p. 257-84
  • Primary (Medieval documents or transcriptions of such documents - This section is far from complete and the secondary sources should be consulted for full references.)
    • Maxwell Lyte, H.C. (ed), 1900, Calendar of Patent Rolls Edward III (1340-43) Vol. 5 p. 331 online copy
  • Antiquarian (Histories and accounts from late medieval and early modern writers)
    • Kingsford, C.L. (ed), 1908, A Survey of London, by John Stow: Reprinted from the text of 1603 Vol. 1 p. 74, 113, 237-8 Vol. 2 p. 322 online copy
      Anthony van den Wyngaerde, c. 1543, Panorama of London online copy
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This record last updated on Saturday, November 15, 2014

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