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Castle Dore

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Casteldour; Croftededor; Castle Dirford; Golant

In the civil parish of St Sampson.
In the historic county of Cornwall.
Modern Authority of Cornwall.
1974 county of Cornwall.
Medieval County of Cornwall.

OS Map Grid Reference: SX10355483
Latitude 50.36263° Longitude -4.66788°

Castle Dore has been described as a Uncertain but is rejected as such.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


Castle Dore is marked on current OS maps (b10). William of Worcester described it as "a delapidated castle by the name of Dirford, near Golant" (Harvey). Leland called it 'Castledour' (Toulmin-Smith). The site is a multivallate defended enclosure. Parts of the interior and defences were excavated by Radford in 1936-37. (Cornwall & Scilly HER)

Golant, St Sampson.–'Castle Dore.' Identified by some writers as the 'Croftededor' of Domesday Book. Mentioned by William of Worcester as 'Castle Dirford'; he says it was then in ruins. There may have been a medieval castle here. It was used as a fort in the Civil War (W. of Worcester; Leland; Borlase, 334; Polwhele, 79 and bk. i ch. xi p. 207; Drew, ii. 596; Rashleigh, 5, 13, 17; R.I.C. 31st Rep. (1849), p. 29 and plan; Maclean, i, 114, O.S. xli. 4) (VCH)

Leland writes "From Lostwithiel to Castle Dore is at least three miles... Castle Dore belonged to the Earl of Salisbury, but is now completely demolished." PastScape report reads "Multivallate Iron Age hillfort settlement of C5BCE-C2CE. The original excavations interpreted the latest phases as possible C5-C8 reoccupation, identifying one structure as a possible palace. However, re-examination of the excavation reports in the light of recent knowledge suggests that although there was a distinct break in occupation, the site had ceased to be occupied before the beginning of the Roman period."

The site has strong Arthurian associations. Leland report of it belonging to the Earl of Salisbury in a manner clearly implying medieval use and origin. The excavations show this to be fanciful.
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Sources of information, references and further reading
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:22:04

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