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In the civil parish of Sunderland.
In the historic county of Durham.
Modern Authority of Sunderland.
1974 county of Tyne and Wear.
Medieval County of County Palatinate of Durham.

OS Map Grid Reference: NZ39155446
Latitude 54.88342° Longitude -1.39123°

Tunstal has been described as a Timber Castle but is rejected as such, and also as a Masonry Castle but is rejected as such.

There are uncertain remains.


Clark lists in Durham 'Tunstal.–Strong earthwork and a shell keep. Qy. mound."

Tunstall is a place-name in Wolsingham parish was also a township in Silksworth ecclesiastical parish, formed out of Bishop Wearmouth parish, on the outskirts of Sunderland (NZ391534). The later site has been extensively mined and quarried but has within it several limestone hills two of which, the Maiden's Paps, are notably sea marks. There is nothing in the archaeological records near either site which even vaguely fits Clark's description, which is probably derived from a correspondent rather than from his own direct observation. However Maiden Paps could be mistaken for a motte by someone not really understanding what Clarke meant although there is nothing which really could be called a 'shell keep' unless a particularly ill informed person though the exposed nature limestone crag of Rocky Hill, the southern most of the two hills, constituted such a thing or if there was some post medieval building (built as a sea mark) on either of the hills which has now been entirely lost (There has been quarrying on the hills).
Given map reference for Rocky Hill.
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:20:07

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