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Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;

In the civil parish of Leeds.
In the historic county of Yorkshire.
Modern Authority of Leeds.
1974 county of West Yorkshire.
Medieval County of Yorkshire West Riding.

OS Map Grid Reference: SE33143350
Latitude 53.79678° Longitude -1.49836°

Oswinthorpe has been described as a Timber Castle although is doubtful that it was such, and also as a Palace although is doubtful that it was such.

There are no visible remains.


Clark, in his list of moated mounds or burhs, records 'Oswinthorpe.–A supposed seat of the Kings of Northumberland.'

In the time of Charles I., fragments of extensive Saxon work were to be seen at Osmondthorpe, but these were cleared away when the late hall was erected, and the trenches were filled up. (White)

Possible fortified site at Osmondthorpe Hall, however, sources are vague. According to Parsons extensive earthworks are supposed to have been visible until the mid C17, including causeways and trenches, reputed to have been levelled up when Osmondthorpe Old Hall was built; pavements are said to have been ploughed up in the vicinity (Wardell, 1851). Wardell (1851) and Smith (1912) suggest that Osmondthorpe was the site of the Villa Regia of Bede, in Regio Loidis, an argument that is somewhat weakened by bringing in as a conclusive piece of evidence a C15/C16 fragment of painted glass from Osmondthorpe Old Hall which depicts Edwin, King of Northumberland, with a crown, a sword and a shield (Wardell, 1851). Some other explanation must be sought for the earthworks. A gold coin of Justinian (525-565) was found at Osmondthorpe in 1774, now lost. May support the theory of diplomatic contacts between Byzantium and the British kingdoms at this time (Smith, 1912). (West Yorkshire HER)

Quite what was at Osmundthorpe may be an unanswerable question. Even before being built over in the Leeds urban sprawl this was an area of much coal mining and the land will be heavily disturbed. However, there does seem to have been something here, most probably of medieval date. A precursor site to Osmundthorpe Hall, possibly a moated house would be most likely but a Saxon palace site can not be excluded.
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:20:08

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