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Calder Abbey Gate

In the civil parish of St Bridget Beckermet.
In the historic county of Cumberland.
Modern Authority of Cumbria.
1974 county of Cumbria.
Medieval County of Cumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY04960639
Latitude 54.44403° Longitude -3.46707°

Calder Abbey Gate has been described as a Fortified Ecclesiastical site although is doubtful that it was such.

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.
This is a Grade 2* listed building protected by law*.


Gatehouse to Calder Abbey, used as a garage at time of survey (April 1984). Probably C14 with later alterations including conversion to agricultural use in C17 or C18. Stone blocks with quoins. Graduated slate roof (of reduced pitch?) renewed in 1970s. 2 storeys, 2 bays. Wide, pointed wagon arch in each gable end of 2 chamfered orders. Chamfered imposts and plinths to eastern arch, western arch blocked with door inserted. 3 small splayed windows, now blocked, to ground floor left in north wall with inserted loft door to right; 2-light C17 unglazed mullioned window to 1st floor on each wall, all probably re-used. Stone copings and kneelers to roof. Interior: floor removed during renovation; single king post roof truss. Byre range adjoining to north not of interest. The gatehouse forms a major part of an important group of monastic buildings. (Listed Building Report)

Calder Abbey, founded 1134 by Wm de Meschines. Church built late 12th - early 13th century. It has a cloister on the S side and part of the monastic buildings are now inside a late Georgian house. Oldest detail of church is W doorway with round, moulded arch, waterleaf capitals. The church has straight E end, transepts with an E aisle, a nave with aisles 5 bays long. The W range of the monastic buildings has completely gone. The S range exists partly in the 18th century house. Much of E range still exists and consists of chapter house, dormitory, undercroft. Part of the refectory and warming house survive in the basement of the 18th century house. The gatehouse is apparently 14th century. (Lake District National Park HER)

Included in Perriam and Robinson's gazetteer of medieval fortified buildings but nothing particularly defensive about this abbey gatehouse.
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Sources of information, references and further reading
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*The listed building may not be the actual medieval building, but a building on the site of, or incorporating fragments of, the described site.
This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:53

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