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How Gill Earthwork

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;

In the civil parish of Castle Sowerby.
In the historic county of Cumberland.
Modern Authority of Cumbria.
1974 county of Cumbria.
Medieval County of Cumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY36054016
Latitude 54.75231° Longitude -2.99509°

How Gill Earthwork has been described as a Timber Castle although is doubtful that it was such.

There are no visible remains.


Site of possible ringwork destroyed after 1860. Possible precursor to Castle How. (Jackson)

How Hill, which we may reasonably infer to have given name to the township in which it is situated, possesses a few remains of "days long since departed." On its summit is a circular enclosure, mounded with stone and earth, about twenty-one yards in diameter, with an opening or entrance on the south side. Large oaks have grown through the mound. (Whellen)

A ring-mound, 21 yds. in diameter, at Howgill (TCWAAS 1923).
There are no surface indications of any earthwork here, the 25" published survey (revised) is of part of a natural hillock (F1 RE 03-NOV-70). (PastScape)

Isolated location by a farmstead. Nothing visible on the location given in PastScape and there may be some question as to the accuracy of this given location. There seems to be no reason to think that Castle How had a precursor. There may well have been some sort of defensive earthwork here of some, undetermined date, but it seems unlikely it was a castle. Equally the description in Whellan might just be that of a tree stand - a deliberated constructed mound, revetted with a wall, or bank and dry stone wall, designed to keep deer from grazing on the shoots of young oak trees.
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:34

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