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Pennington Castle Hill

In the civil parish of Pennington.
In the historic county of Lancashire North of the Sands.
Modern Authority of Cumbria.
1974 county of Cumbria.

OS Map Grid Reference: SD25777774
Latitude 54.19012° Longitude -3.13900°

Pennington Castle Hill has been described as a certain Timber Castle.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.

Description

Earthwork remains of a Medieval ringwork, comprising a rampart and outer ditch on the slopes of Pennington Beck. The defended quadrant-shaped enclosure measures 156ft by 132ft. (PastScape)

Pennington Castle Hill is an interesting little earthwork about two miles west of Ulverston, and situated just about the place where the Fumess Fells drop down to meet Low or Plain Furness. It is therefore fairly close to the ancient road which came oversands from Cartmel to Sandside, and crossed through Low Fumess into South Cumberland. The situation is rather striking, being on the edge of Pennington Beck, which here runs in a deep ravine; and the makers of the Castle Hill have chosen a sharp elbow of cliff on the east bank, isolating it for defensive purposes by a semi-circular ditch and rampart, which thus took in a quadrant shaped area. The ward thus formed measures 156 feet by 132 feet, and the ditch is about 45 feet wide measured from the rampart top to the outer edge. As the site slopes to the south, and the ditch is about the same depth all round, its level at the south is lower than at the north, and it has, of course, never been meant to hold water. The rampart on the north is now perhaps twelve feet above the ward level, and there is only one entrance through it, that on the south-east, which is probably ancient. (Cowper 1906)

Supposed precursor to Muncaster. Held by Penningtons as late as 1318, though they moved to Muncaster c. 1242. 600m from the parish church but this is an area of dispersed settlement.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

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Sources of information, references and further reading
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The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
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This record last updated on Saturday, September 20, 2014

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