The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 


Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Scallermanok; Scalemanock; Saltermannoweke; Scaramanwick

In the civil parish of Kirkoswald.
In the historic county of Cumberland.
Modern Authority of Cumbria.
1974 county of Cumbria.
Medieval County of Cumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY581471
Latitude 54.81699° Longitude -2.65354°

Scarrowmanwick has been described as a probable Bastle, and also as a Pele Tower although is doubtful that it was such, and also as a probable Uncertain.

There are no visible remains.


In C18, Scarrowmanwick was referred to as a 'place of resort in times of peril', and in 1847, that 'near the village are the remains of an old border stronghold called Scarrowmanwick'. (PastScape (where categorised as a medieval pele tower)–ref. Perriam and Robinson)

No evidence of an earlier building in the present village. In 1984 Mrs. Metcalf of the main farm pointed to a site to the SW of the farm as a possible site; she had some memory of large stones being ploughed up there when the new barn was built. (Perriam and Robinson)

Among many other instances in this tract of country, we must remark, that occasional strong holds were necessary to the inhabitants, who were, in ancient times, frequently harrassed by small parties desending from the mountains; in the neighbourhood of Croglin, is a place for resort in times of peril, called Scarromanwick, like Haresceugh, in the vicinity of Renwick, and Dunwallought, near Cumrew. (Hutchinson 1794)

A place of retreat might merely be a isolated area in the hills and Scarrowmanwick is both the name of a hamlet, at the given map reference, and the name of the isolated fell with the gorge of the Croglin Water. Peel Dod is a placename on Scarrowmanwick Fell. Much heat and little light is produced by discussions on the meaning, origin and use of the term 'pele' (or peel) but it is general associated with places having something to do with defence, again suggesting the fell may have been a place of retreat.
A mention of remains does suggest a building of some sort although a possibly confusion between an old story of a 'place of retreat' and remains of a, now lost, building has to be considered. Haresceugh, mentioned as an analogue by Hutchinson, is a very ruinous (down to foundations) manor house; Dunwallought is an isolated hill site of confused foundations, possibly a hunting lodge.
There is nothing to suggests a high status site like Haresceugh or Dunwallought, however it seems possible that there was a bastle here, possibly with an extensive set out of outbuildings and field walls (so ruinous and confused as to be mistakable for a large building). The hamlet is unlikely as the sort of place for a pele tower, which tend to be residences of higher social status than bastles, although a C15 reference to a tenement of Humphrey Lord Dacre may be for a house let to a knight or sergeant for some military service which could have been a tower.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   LiDAR   Open Domesday  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of Historic England, County Historic Environment Records and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.
This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:29

Home | Books | Links | Fortifications and Castles | Other Information | Help | Downloads | Author Information | Contact