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St Mungos Castle

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Bromfield Camp; Mungo Castle

In the civil parish of Bromfield.
In the historic county of Cumberland.
Modern Authority of Cumbria.
1974 county of Cumbria.
Medieval County of Cumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY17664703
Latitude 54.81133° Longitude -3.28276°

St Mungos Castle has been described as a Fortified Manor House although is doubtful that it was such, and also as a Pele Tower although is doubtful that it was such.

There are cropmark/slight earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


St Mungo's Castle is well preserved as an earthwork and the monument will contain archaeological deposits relating to its construction, use and abandonment and environmental deposits relating to the use of the surrounding area. The monument provides insight into settlement patterns in the medieval period.
The monument includes most of the earthwork and buried remains of a medieval moated site situated on level ground on the east edge of Bromfield adjacent to St Mungo's Church. The moated site includes a sub-rectangular enclosure surrounded by a partial ditch or moat approximately 3m to 4m wide and 0.5m deep. The northern moat ditch is infilled and does not form part of the scheduled monument. (Scheduling Report)

The Rev. James Wilson ... had found mention in a document of 1227 of the Curia de Bromfield, the "court" of Bromfield, i.e. the garth or enclosure belonging to the vicarage, which he identified with the earthwork once known as Mungo Castle and commonly called Bromfield Camp. In such "courts," originally enclosed for farming purposes, the lord's retainers would assemble, and public business would be transacted; whence the name of a "court" of law. This, he thought, was the true meaning of many small earthworks which could never have been of use as fortifications, nor of Roman or British origin (as indeed has been suggested by the editor of these Transactions in the Victoria History of Cumberland, vol. I.). (TCWAAS, 1904)

Possible homestead moat now dry. Also proposed as site of defended vicar's tower. May be early medieval, a forerunner of late medieval peles. Rejected by Jackson as homestead moat although he writes 'probably the 'Curia (court) de Bromfield' mentioned in 1227. Perriam and Robinson also pretty dismissive recording as 'Earthworks thought to be agricultural.'
The adjacent parish church, dating from the C12, is dedicated to St Mungo so this could well be the 'castle' (in the sense of administrative center) of the parish (as opposed to manor).
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

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Sources of information, references and further reading
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The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
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Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:53

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