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Adwick le Street Castle Hills

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Hangthwaite; Langthwaithe; Hangtwaite

In the civil parish of Doncaster.
In the historic county of Yorkshire West Riding.
Modern Authority of Doncaster.
1974 county of South Yorkshire.

OS Map Grid Reference: SE55130670
Latitude 53.55462° Longitude -1.16915°

Adwick le Street Castle Hills has been described as a certain Timber Castle.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.

Description

a 4m-5m high motte with a kidney-shaped inner bailey to the north and a sub-rectangular outer bailey to the east. The inner bailey is c.30m across and the outer c.70m x 40m. On the west side, between the motte and inner bailey, a 2m high oval mound forms the end of a rampart circling the motte to the south west and has been interpreted as a defended approach to the monument. The surviving rampart is at its highest at this point, rising c.2m above the ditch round the motte. Following the lane east, then turning north round the outer bailey, it flattens to c.1m high but widens to c.7m, dropping c.2m into the outer ditch. Traces are hard to find on the north side, but a separate 1.5m high rampart surrounds the inner bailey, double in places with a ditch between. The complexity of the earthworks suggest it was a monument of some importance. Certainly it commanded the manor of Langthwaite (later Hangthwaite), one of six held by Nigel Fossard in 1086 from the Count of Mortain. In the later Middle Ages, it was superseded by Radcliffe moat c.500m to the ENE. Between the two are faint earthworks marking the village site. The monument would also have dominated the approach to the village along what is now Langthwaite Lane. (Scheduling Report)

A rare undisturbed example of a waterlogged motte and bailey castle, with a well preserved moated manor house nearby, and the lost village of Hangthwaite in the same vicinity. An English silver penny, unidentified, was found near the site in 1970. (Magilton)
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Sources of information, references and further reading
  • Websites (Gatehouse is not responsible for the content of external websites.)
  • Books
    • Hey, David, 2003, Medieval South Yorkshire (Landmark Publishing) p. 74-5, 157
      Salter, Mike, 2001, The Castles and Tower Houses of Yorkshire (Malvern: Folly Publications) p. 40
      Pettifer, A., 1995, English Castles, A guide by counties (Woodbridge: Boydell Press) p. 310 (slight)
      King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 512
      Ryder, P.F., 1982 (paperback edn 1992), The Medieval Buildings of Yorkshire (Ash Grove Book) p. 87-107
      Magilton, J.R., 1977, The Doncaster District: An Archaeological Survey (Doncaster) p. 3
      Illingworth, J.L., 1938 (republished 1970), Yorkshire's Ruined Castles (Wakefield) p. 27, 128
      Armitage and Montgomerie, 1912, in Page, Wm (ed), VCH Yorkshire Vol. 2 p. 32
  • Periodical Articles
    • Birch, J., 1981, 'The castles and fortified houses of South Yorkshire' The Archaeological Journal Vol. 137 p. 374-6
      Addy, 1914-18, 'Some Defensive Earthworks in the neighbourhood of Sheffield' Transactions of the Hunter Archaeological Society Vol. 1 p. 361-2 and plates
      Clark, G.T., 1889, 'Contribution towards a complete list of moated mounds or burhs' The Archaeological Journal Vol. 46 p. 197-217 esp. 214 online copy
  • Other sources: Theses; 'grey' literature; in-house reports; unpublished works; etc.
    • English Heritage, 2014, Heritage at Risk Register 2014 Yorkshire (London: English Heritage) p. 87 online copy
      English Heritage, 2013, Heritage at Risk Register 2013 Yorkshire (London: English Heritage) p. 91 online copy
      English Heritage, 2012, Heritage at Risk Register 2012 Yorkshire and the Humber (London: English Heritage) p. 113 online copy
      English Heritage, 2011, Heritage at Risk Register 2011 Yorkshire and the Humber (London: English Heritage) p. 105 online copy
      English Heritage, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010 Yorkshire and the Humber (London: English Heritage) p. 108 online copy
      Constable, Christopher, 2003, Aspects of the archaeology of the castle in the north of England C 1066-1216 (Doctoral thesis, Durham University) Available at Durham E-Theses Online
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The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
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This record last updated on Saturday, November 15, 2014

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