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Cusworth Castle Hill, Sprotbrough

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Spotborough

In the civil parish of Sprotbrough And Cusworth.
In the historic county of Yorkshire West Riding.
Modern Authority of Doncaster.
1974 county of South Yorkshire.

OS Map Grid Reference: SE54180334
Latitude 53.52394° Longitude -1.18422°

Cusworth Castle Hill, Sprotbrough has been described as a probable Timber Castle.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.

Description

Isolated motte stands in the south-west corner of Cusworth Park. Field investigations in 1964 found it to measure 16ft high, and 60ft by 70ft wide. The ditch which was about 20 ft wide had been filled in on the east. The counterscarp bank survived on the north side. Part of the circumference of the ditch surrounding the motte is visible as an earthwork on air photographs. (PastScape)

Cusworth motte castle lies in woodland adjacent the A1(M) at what was once the south-west edge of Cusworth Park. It comprises an oval motte, 20m wide west-east and 23.5m wide north-south. The motte stands c.5m above a dry ditch, c.2m deep and c.6m wide and partially filled in to the east. The castle was built in the eleventh century by either William de Warenne or Roger de Busli, both of whom were granted lands at Cusworth by William the Conqueror. In the later middle ages it was part of the Honour of Conisbrough, held by the de Warennes. In the eighteenth century, or some time earlier, the site was superseded by that of Cusworth Hall, 700m to the north-east. (Scheduling Report)

"Castle Mound' which is hidden by trees on a small plateau alongside the A1 motorway, is in fact the 'temple hill' which was constructed as a feature of Cusworth Park in 1762-3, complete with a fine slope and ha-ha" (South Yorkshire SMT ref. Hey, 1979)

Site is isolated now and probably in medieval times which suggests that Hey dismissal of this as an C18 landscaping feature should be given serious consideration and the scheduling record may be in need of revision. However, even if a medieval mound it will have been effected by C18 landscaping so that a bailey may have been lost. If actually an isolated medieval mound then possible a hunting viewing platform rather than a motte.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
PastScape   County HER   Scheduling        
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Sources of information, references and further reading
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The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
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This record last updated on Sunday, October 19, 2014

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