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Flint Town Defences

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Y Fflint; le flynt; le Caillou; le Chaylou

In the community of Flint.
In the historic county of Flintshire.
Modern authority of Flintshire.
Preserved county of Clwyd.

OS Map Grid Reference: SJ24447308
Latitude 53.25103° Longitude -3.13394°

Flint Town Defences has been described as a probable Urban Defence.

There are cropmark/slight earthwork remains.


Building of town defences in 1277 documented and ditch could be traced in part in 1912. MOW (1955) describes a double bank and ditch site has now been built over and destroyed. A section was excavated across the Medieval town defences in 1972 following the demolition of cottages along Swan Street and in advance of redevelopment of this area. The site lay between and at right-angles to Duke Street and the former Swan Street. Cuttings between 1 and 6m across were made by machine and hand across the inner bank and ditch. No Medieval objects were found though some of the contexts clearly belonged to the creation of the Edwardian town. The ditch was found to be 16m wide and 3m deep with sloping sides and a flattish bottom about 5m across. Its outer slope had been faced with a spread of hard-packed red-brown clay. The ditch had silted steadily throughout the Medieval period with no sign that it had ever been cleaned out (Miles, T J, 1996, 117-120). (Clwyd Powys Archaeological Trust HER)

Slight remains of rectangular earthworks built 1277. These 'consisted of a double bank further protected by a flat-bottomed outer ditch ... 13.7m wide and 2.7m deep. Some sections of the bank can still be traced at various points.' (Soulsby). The borough was not as large as the defences allowed and, despite being a county town, may not have had a town hall until Elizabethan times.
Lilley (2009 p. 110) makes the very interesting suggestion that Edward I had a direct hand in planning Flint's defences and that these were based on recommendations on design in Vegetius's De re militari of which he was given a copy by his wife in 1272.
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This record last updated 05/05/2017 07:24:05