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Cae Castell, Llechart

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Rhyndwyclydach; Nant Llwydyn

In the community of Mawr.
In the historic county of Glamorgan.
Modern authority of Swansea.
Preserved county of West Glamorgan.

OS Map Grid Reference: SN69410473
Latitude 51.72572° Longitude -3.89125°

Cae Castell, Llechart has been described as a probable Timber Castle.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


Rhyndwyclydach is a rectangular earthwork enclosure, c.21m across, on ground falling generally to the SSE, resting above steep natural scarps on the NE, elsewhere ditched about; an irregular rampart, rising up to 4.7m above the ditch, occupies the N part of the enclosure, facing rising ground: thought to be a medieval castle, the site has no recorded history. (Coflein Ref. RCAHMW, 1991)

This quite singular earthwork might have a slight affinity with the motte and bailey, if the elevated NW angle were taken to be the intended strong-point of the site. Its square form virtually discounts any possibility that it represents an unfinished motte; square mottes are extremely rare in Britain. No record of this site is known, but its high altitude and remote situation, deep in Gower Wallicana and far from any known manorial centre, suggests it was the work of a medieval Welsh lord. (RCAHMW 1991)

The monument consists of the remains of an earthwork probably dating to the medieval period. Square in plan, it measures approx. 18 x 21m and is situated 183m above OD on the western edge of a deep ravine. Interestingly, it lies within a field recorded on early tithe maps as 'Cae castell' - castle field. The west, south and north sides are enclosed by a broad shallow ditch with bank. The east side is defined by the edge of the ravine. (Scheduling Report)
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Sources of information, references and further reading
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The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
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This record last updated 06/07/2016 17:09:33