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Loughor Castle

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Aberllwchwr; Casllwchwr; Lochor; Castell Llychwr

In the community of Llwchwr.
In the historic county of Glamorgan.
Modern authority of Swansea.
Preserved county of West Glamorgan.

OS Map Grid Reference: SS56429798
Latitude 51.66219° Longitude -4.07740°

Loughor Castle has been described as a certain Timber Castle, and also as a certain Masonry Castle.

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


Loughor Castle lies within the eastern angle of a Roman military enclosure. The earliest medieval remains appear to be a primary ring bank constructed between 1106 and 1151. In the second half of the twelfth century the bank was extended inwards and two stone buildings were raised in the late twelfth to early thirteenth century. The main curtain wall was added in the later part of the thirteenth century. In the late thirteenth century the square tower that is the prominent survival on the site today was inserted into the curtain wall. (Coflein)

The monument consists of the remains of a castle dating to the medieval period. Loughor castle is placed in a strategic position on the western edge of the lordship of Gower guarding the lowest crossing of the River Loughor. The Romans too found this a strategic spot and the castle was built in the south-east corner of the Roman auxiliary for of Leucarum. It was founded in the early 12th century by Henry de Villiers. At this stage an oval area on the highest part of the spur above the river was enclosed by a ditch, now gone, and the edge heightened by a bank. Thus, despite its motte-like appearance, the earliest castle was really a castle ringwork. Excavation has revealed that a rectangular kitchen occupied the east side of the interior. Of the other buildings, which would have been of timber, nothing is known. The castle's history was a turbulent one, and there are four further stages of rebuilding. In the mid to late 12th century further timber buildings and possibly a stone tower, predecessor to the present one, were built, and in the late 12th to early 13th century two stone buildings were constructed in the middle. A stone curtain wall was built before 1215; its foundations were found during excavation. The slight lip around the edge of the mound marks its position. A small stone tower on the west side of the mound dates from the late 13th century or about 1300, the last building phase at the castle, perhaps during the lordships of William de Braose II and III. The presence of a fireplace in the north wall, and garderobe in the south, both on the first floor, indicates that the tower was residential. Its thick walls stand to first floor level, and there was originally another floor above. The whole of the south-east corner, complete with spiral stair, lies on its side, having fallen in the 1940s. Adjoining the tower to the south was the entrance gateway. The castle was made redundant by Edward I's pacification of Wales and fell into decline. (Scheduling Report)
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

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Sources of information, references and further reading
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This record last updated 28/06/2017 18:13:03