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Llangwm Uchaf

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Camp House; Beiliau Llangwm

In the community of Llangwm.
In the historic county of Monmouthshire.
Modern authority of Monmouthshire.
Preserved county of Gwent.

OS Map Grid Reference: ST42759979
Latitude 51.69397° Longitude -2.82959°

Llangwm Uchaf has been described as a certain Timber Castle.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


The remains of a ring motte now incorporated into a private garden at the rear of Camp House. Some of the scarps shown on the last published OS map have now gone - the remaining ditch on the S and the nearby scarp of the ring bank. An oval enclosure, c.14-16m in diameter, embanked and formerly ditched. (Coflein)

'The interpretation of the site .. is very difficult given the limited and contradictory evidence available. The most likely interpretation is that the site was a watch-tower with a limited directional advantage. It is not possible to assign the site to a period but it is less likely that it was a late construction as it would have been too small for residential purposes.' (Phillips)

The monument comprises the remains of a motte and bailey castle, a military stronghold built during the medieval period. A motte and bailey castle comprises a large conical or pyramidal mound of soil or stone (the motte) surrounded by, or adjacent to, one or more embanked enclosures (the bailey). Both may be surrounded by wet or dry ditches and could be further strengthened with palisades, revetments, and/or a tower on top of the motte. The site lies in the garden of Camp Farm and forms part of the garden to the NW of the house. It consists of a circular mound and scarp continuing from the mound on its S side. On the W side of the mound the ground drops 1.5-2m, while on the N side there is a drop of 1.7m to a narrow berm on which is the fence bounding the garden. Below the ground drops steeply to a large scooped area in a grass field. On the S side of the mound a low scarp, 1m high, continues S from the mound to the road. (Scheduling Report)

The current low motte is damaged and much of it may well be missing. It is possible that this may have been a fundamental symbolic motte, associated with a 'knights fee' farmstead and the residential building were in a 'bailey', the site of the current house, for which some slight topographical evidence survives.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
Coflein   County HER   Scheduling        
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   Historic Wales   V. O. B.   Geology   LIDAR  
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Sources of information, references and further reading
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The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
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This record last updated 07/07/2016 08:40:32