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Domen Castell, Welshpool

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Domen Gastell; Pola; Pole; Pool; Pol; Powis; Trallwng; Trallung; Trallwm

In the community of Welshpool.
In the historic county of Montgomeryshire.
Modern authority of Powys.
Preserved county of Powys.

OS Map Grid Reference: SJ230074
Latitude 52.65862° Longitude -3.13953°

Domen Castell, Welshpool has been described as a certain Timber Castle.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


Domen Gastell is an oval enclosure, c.60m east-west by 44m, defined by a bank, up to 2.0m high. Attached on the south is a rather irregular motte, c.25-30m in diameter and 6.1m high, which gives the impression of being secondary to the enclosure. The castle has been much altered by its incorporation into the civic landscape of Welshpool, notably losing its ditches. The interior of the enclosure has been levelled as a bowling green, with trees planted upon the bank and sundry pavilions constructed. Possibly a predecessor of Powis Castle (Nprn29858). (Coflein–J.Wiles 07.11.02)

Motte up to 6.1m high with tail cut back on south and east for railway siding. Adjoining embanked oval bailey up to 6.1m high with levelled interior now used as a bowling green. Retaining wall on outside of eastern arc of the motte and bailey was removed and replaced as part of the Welshpool relief road construction. The majority of the ground behind the wall was 19th century infill with sterile clay bank of medieval bailey towards the base of excavation. Foundation trench did not bottom the clay bank. Profile suggests that the medieval earthwork was more ogival than the present bailey profile (Gibson, A M 1991e, 49; Nenk, B S, Margeson, S & Hurley, M 1992, 307-8). (PRN 34944). Watching brief 1996 (PRN 34944) identified part of a bank but did not determined if this was of medieval date or part of the modern landscaping of the bowling green (Gibson, A M,1996a). Scheduled area of motte extended to reflect the extent of the archaeology. The outlying ditch of the motte and west side of the bailey have now been included (Cadw, 2001). (Clwyd Powys Archaeological Trust HER)

Probably the seat of Powys before Powis Castle was built. Domen Castell stands near to the railway station, and may be the site built in 1111 by Cadwgan ap Bleddyn, ruler of Powys. If so, this is probably the castle captured by the Anglo-Normans in c1190, and recaptured shortly afterwards by Gwenwynwyn. When Gryffydd ap Gwenwynwyn plotted against Llywelyn ap Gryffydd from Welshpool in 1274, the site was still a wooden structure; it was destroyed when Llywelyn removed him. The ramparts have been changed greatly, but was probably 60mx46m, and the south side still houses a 5m motte (9m across at the summit). (Daniel Mersey-Castle of Wales)
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This record last updated 28/06/2017 18:13:03