The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 

Castell Eglwyswrw

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Tyddin; Eglwsywrw

In the community of Eglwyswrw.
In the historic county of Pembrokeshire.
Modern authority of Pembrokeshire.
Preserved county of Dyfed.

OS Map Grid Reference: SN13893839
Latitude 52.01262° Longitude -4.71331°

Castell Eglwyswrw has been described as a certain Timber Castle, and also as a probable Masonry Castle.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


This earthwork lies about 300 yards south-west of the parish church. It consists of a somewhat oblong-shaped bailey, having the mound placed in the south-west corner. The mound has a height of from 8 to 10 feet and a summit diameter of 16 feet. The top is slightly depressed towards the centre. The bailey (60 feet by 90 feet) is surrounded by a ditch; its somewhat obliterated entrance is in the north- east corner; the rampart has an average height of 4 feet, with a fall of 10 feet to the bottom of the ditch, the counterscarp being 4 feet high. The work is in a fair state of preservation. (RCAHMW, 1925)

An earthwork enclosure thought to represent a medieval castle: a ditched & massively ramparted enclosure, about 30m east-west by 16m, set above natural slopes on the north & east, having a slightly inturned entrance in its northern face, where the south-western angle is overlain by a steep-sided generally circular mound, about 16m in diameter & rising 3.0m above the ramparts with a summit area about 6.0m across (Coflein)

The monument comprises the remains of a motte and bailey castle, a military stronghold built during the medieval period. A motte and bailey castle comprises a large conical or pyramidal mound of soil or stone (the motte) surrounded by, or adjacent to, one or more embanked enclosures (the bailey). Both may be surrounded by wet or dry ditches and could be further strengthened with palisades, revetments, and/or a tower on top of the motte. Castell Eglwysyrw is an oval earthwork with a greatest diameter of 35ft, formed by single bank rising 12' - 15' above the ditch and 4ft above the interior on the north and less on the south. In the north-east corner there is a round rising 10ft above interior in the outside of the top of which there is the remains of stone walling. The ditch has 4ft 6ins counterscarp but less on the north where the ground falls to stream. (Scheduling Report)

Motte and bailey (Davis and Salter describes as partial ringwork) with remains of tower. King describes it as either a ringwork and a motte in different texts.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
Coflein   County HER   Scheduling        
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   Historic Wales   V. O. B.   Geology   LIDAR  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historic Monuments of Wales, the four welsh archaeological trusts and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain Designated Historic Asset Descriptive Information from The Welsh Historic Environment Service (Cadw), licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown.
Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Lidar coverage in the UK is not complete. The button above will give an idea of the area of coverage. Higher resolution lidar images in both DSM and DTM form may be available from Lle A geo-Portal for Wales (click the preview tag to bring up a map and then select format byclicking on the small blue diamond in the top right corner of the map.)
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.

This record last updated 07/07/2016 09:04:34