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The Gatehouse website record of

Pearepeale (Peartree)

a location shown on a 1590 map of the West Marches of Scotland (The Aglionby Platt)

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as; Pearetree; Parcelstown; Peeretree; Peretree

In the civil parish of Kirkandrews.
In the historic county of Cumberland, England.
Modern Authority of Cumbria, England.
1974 county of Cumbria, England.
Medieval County of Debatable Lands.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY394654
Latitude 54.97996° Longitude -2.94761°

The given map reference is suggested as the probable location of Pearepeale shown on the Aglionby Platt.

There are no visible remains.

The likely form(s) of this building in 1590 are;

  • Pele House ('bastle').

A section of the 1590 Aglionby Platt. Image reproduced by permission of the National Library of Scotland
Reproduced by permission of the National Library of Scotland

NY 360 697 Supposed stonehouse; site now destroyed.
The 1604 Survey places it in the Debatable Land, however, the 1590 and 1607 Maps show the house on the River Lyne at NY 410 663. Graham was certain of this site based on surname evidence.
Cole confirms that this is Peartree in the Debatable Land, gives its location and history. He makes no comment on what sort of building it might have been. 'Peale' on the 1590 map may have some significance, however it was probably a detached part of the estate.
Cole states that 'the site of Peartree has been eroded or completely destroyed by gravel quarrying to the south and east of Closegap. (Perriam and Robinson 1998)

Gatehouse finds this record in Perriam and Robinson difficult to interpret. The house shown as 'Pearepeale' on the 1590 map and 'Pearetree' on the 1607 platt are clearly nowhere near their given map reference of NY360697. I would place them in the vicinity of Parceltown at NY394654, where it would form one of a number of sites marked at fairly regular intervals along the River Lynn (possibly reflecting a regular breakdown of the land into fairly equal agricultural parcels). Martin and Jean Norgate of Old Cumbria Gazetteer places it at slightly feature east in square NY4065.
The given map reference is marked as a small building called 'Henrystown' on the 1868 OS map. It can not have been destroyed by erosion although the site was destroyed by the building of the Smalmstown depot of the HM Factory Gretna in 1915.
Even if there was a 'Peartree' in this area and even if that was part of the same estate as the Peartree on the River Lynn and even if it was the caput of that estate the evidence for a fortified house is the maps which clearly place the fortified house on the River Lynn not north of the Esk!
The resident householder c. 1590.

1561 - George Greymes ("The names of the Greymes of Eske and Leven within the Countie of Cumberland gyven in by Richard Greyme of Netherbye to the Lorde Dacre, Warden of the West Marche of England" P.R.O. SP 59/9 ff. 197-203 (CSP For, 1561-62, no. 442), dated 23 August i 56 r)
1602 - John Grame (Scrope List 1602 - Richard Bell's manuscript History of the Borders, ff. 211-215)
- see Spence, R.T., 1980, 'The Graham Clans and Lands on the eve of the Jacobean Pacification' Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society Vol. 80 p. 92 online copy
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This record created on 09/05/2015 07:56:04; This record last updated on 17/09/2015 11:22:18

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