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Carrycoats Hall

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Carre Cottes

In the civil parish of Birtley.
In the historic county of Northumberland.
Modern Authority of Northumberland.
1974 county of Northumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY92427996
Latitude 55.11401° Longitude -2.12031°

Carrycoats Hall has been described as a certain Bastle.

There are masonry ruins/remnants remains.

This is a Grade 2 listed building protected by law*.

Description

House. C16/C17, early C18 and 1830's. Oldest parts are random rubble, the rest ashlar. Welsh slate roofs. 2 storeys. 3-bay front of 1830's with rusticated quoins. Gabled and recessed centre bay has 6-panelled door with overlight in possibly re-used C18 architrave. Moulded continuous cornice above and panel with crest of Shafto family. Narrow flanking windows in architraves. Outer bays have shallow square bay windows with 2-light windows in architraves. 12-pane sash to each light. First floor has 12-pane sashes with cornice and architrave. 2-light window above door. Similar decoration on returns but rear bay has C18 masonry and the remains of ground and 1st floor sill bands.
Older building incorporated in house to rear, possibly a bastle house, has walls c3ft. to 3ft.6 inches. Also further C17 and C18 masonry. Various windows C18 and early C19.
Gabled roof with ridged coping, kneelers, ball finials and stone corniced ridge stacks.
Interior has early C18 staircase with broad handrail and turned balusters. 2-panelled and 6-panelled doors and several early C19 fireplaces. (Listed Building Report)

A survey of 1522 refers to a 'store house' {sic - stone house meant} at Carrycoats, and a list of Border holds in 1541 refers to the bastle there as being in good repair (Hodgson 1899 - This reference to Vol. 5 of the Northumberland County History is incorrect - Vol. 4 (1897) is meant).
No further siting evidence, but Carrycoats Hall (NY 92427996), as the only substantial feature retaining the name, possibly occupies the site. The present house is largely 19th century, and no identifiable remains of a bastle are incorporated (F1 RWE 22-NOV-1966).
Carrycoats Bastle. Part of suppressed monastery of Newminster, it may have stood on or near the site of the present hall (Long 1967).
Carrycoats Hall stands in a remote situation on the south side of the small valley of the Carry Burn. The house has a twin-gabled 'Tudor' front characteristic of the 1840s or 1850s, but the gables are those of wings added on to an earlier east-west range that is probably a century earlier. Behind this, and overlapping its west end, is a shorter parallel block with masonry - rough rubble walling and large roughly shaped quoins - of bastle character. It measures 7.7m by 6m externally with walls around 0.9m thick; most of its features appear to be later insertions. To the west of this block is a 19th century extension, and to the east a late 18th or 19th century outshut, possibly replacing a further section of the earlier building, as the rear wall of the main east-west range remains relatively thick throughout its full length (Ryder 1994-5). (Northumberland HER)

In the 1541 survey 'Bastle' tends to be used for the larger higher status buildings rather than the modest 'pele house' type bastles and the early date, high status 'hall' name and gentry status of the Shafto's and Widdrington's all add to the probability this was a larger building (c.f. Doddington Bastle). However Ryder's measurement are those of a much more modest 'pele house' type building, although he does suggest this may be a relic of a larger building. This was a secondary residence of the sitting tenant's, the Shafto's of Bavington Hall, and the site for summer grazing so could have been fairly modest.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

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Sources of information, references and further reading
  • Books
    • Dodds, John F., 1999, Bastions and Belligerents (Newcastle upon Tyne: Keepdate Publishing) p. 341
      King, D.J.C., 1983, Castellarium Anglicanum (London: Kraus) Vol. 2 p. 346
      Rowland, T.H., 1987 (reprint1994), Medieval Castles, Towers, Peles and Bastles of Northumberland (Sandhill Press) p. 50
      Graham, Frank, 1976, The Castles of Northumberland (Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Frank Graham) p. 97
      Long, B., 1967, Castles of Northumberland (Newcastle-upon-Tyne) p. 79
      Hodgson, John Crawford (ed), 1897, Northumberland County History (Newcastle-upon-Tyne) Vol. 4 p. 404-5 online copy
      Bates, C.J., 1891, Border Holds of Northumberland (London and Newcastle: Andrew Reid) p. 46 (Also published as the whole of volume 14 (series 2) of Archaeologia Aeliana view online)
  • Periodical Articles
    • Christopherson, R., 2011, 'Northumberland bastles: origin and distribution' Medieval Settlement Research Vol. 26 p. 21-33 (listed in appendix)
      Bates, C.J., 1891, 'Border Holds of Northumberland' Archaeologia Aeliana (ser2) Vol. 14 p. 46 online copy
  • Primary (Medieval documents or transcriptions of such documents - This section is far from complete and the secondary sources should be consulted for full references.)
  • Other sources: Theses; 'grey' literature; in-house reports; unpublished works; etc.
    • Ryder, P.F., 1994-5, Towers and Bastles in Northumberland Part 4 Tynedale District Vol. 1 p. 41-2
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The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
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*The listed building may not be the actual medieval building, but a building on the site of, or incorporating fragments of, the described site.
This record last updated on Saturday, November 15, 2014

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