The comprehensive gazetteer and bibliography of the medieval castles, fortifications and palaces of England, Wales, the Islands.
The listings
Other Info
Print Page 
Next Record 
Previous Record 
Back to list 

Bradley Hall Bastle

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;

In the civil parish of Henshaw.
In the historic county of Northumberland.
Modern Authority of Northumberland.
1974 county of Northumberland.
Medieval County of Northumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY777674
Latitude 55.00141° Longitude -2.34891°

Bradley Hall Bastle has been described as a probable Bastle.

There are masonry footings remains.


The house and adjacent outbuilding form a rectangular block, 17.9m x c.7m. There are some megalithic squared quoins at the south west corner, and the W wall is 1.4m thick. The south wall, of coursed squared rubble (re-used Roman material) is 0.90m thick, but all its architectural features are late 18th century/early 19th century. House empty at time of survey, may merit full survey (Ryder, P F 16-JUL-90 Field Investigation).
Stands on south side of the Military Road (B6318) on west bank of narrow valley of the burn which flows from Crag Lough to join Brackies Burn at Chesterholm. Unclear how much pre-18th century fabric survives. Remnants probably represent a bastle house or possibly a pair of bastles built end-to-end. Alternatively there could be elements of a medieval structure present, known Richard I {sic} stayed at Bradley 6th and 7th September 1306 (Ryder 1990).
Situated on the W bank of Bradley Burn, c.200m south of the Military Road. Noted in the 1541 survey, 'at Braydley ys a stone house of the inherytaunce of Nycolas Carrow and lyeth waste and unplenyshed'.
The present farmhouse and adjoining outbuilding retain substantial remains of a medieval or sub-medieval defensible building. The outbuilding was being converted to domestic accommodation at time of survey. The whole structure measures 18m x 7.2m externally, with a later outshut on the north. The walls consist of large, roughly-coursed squared stones (probably re-used Roman material) and vary in thickness from 1.35m at the west end, 0.9m-1m for the long wall, to 0.65m at the east end.
The angle quoins survive in their original state to a height of around two-thirds of the present wall height, the masonry above is clearly later. The door and window openings on the south face (front) of the house relate to two separate building phases. The remains of three openings which predate the present ones are visible. The outshut to the north may contain earlier fabric.
The interior of the house has been remodelled in the 20th century and no features of interest are visible. In the west outbuilding two features have been exposed at first floor level during the course of alterations. One, a small wall cupboard or locker, was constructed in the thickness of the wall and is of a type common in bastle houses of the 16th and 17th centuries. The second feature was probably a window and comprises a splayed recess. Dating relies on the character of the building and the thickness of the walls, placing it c.1600 or earlier. Its large dimensions distinguish it from other bastles in the area. The shell of the present house is probably that of the 'stone house' mentioned in 1541. The remains of a chamfered doorway west of the present front door also probably dates to the 16th or early 17th century (Ryder 1991)
Bradley Hall, early 19th century, built of coursed stone with Welsh slate roof. House with carriage house and granary all under one roof. Two-storey, three-bay house with original six-panel door, 20th century casements on the ground floor in original openings, and small 16-pane sashes above. The carriage house has boarded double doors and a pitching door above. (Grundy Grade IV) (Grundy 1987). (Northumberland HER)

A survey of 1541 mentions a stonehouse at Bradley. There are other bastles and possible bastle sites in the area but on the bases of status and early date (ruinous in 1541) this is arguably the most likely location for that house. There do not appear to sufficient enough remains to have any certainty of the form of the C16 'stonehouse'. Indeed the fact it is recorded as ruinous in 1541 may suggest it was an old building by that time and therefore predate the period of bastle buildings (and therefore a stone building of some other form ? hall house) however it may have been a new building recently damaged by a raid or through accident. Neither of these would exclude a post 1541 rebuilding as a more typical bastle (or range of bastles) as suggested by Ryder. Although this does appear to have the site of a house of some status (?manorial) in the C14, when Edward I stayed here, its later history seems to be that of a farmstead leased from the manor of Thorngrafton and Ridley.
King and Dodds mention one bastle and presume it was either at Bradley Hall or Bradley Hall Farm.
See also Bradley Greenbyre, where there is a bastle, and Bradley Hall Farm.
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
    County HER            
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   V. O. B.   Geology   LiDAR   Open Domesday  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
Most of the sites or buildings recorded in this web site are NOT open to the public and permission to visit a site must always be sought from the landowner or tenant.
It is an offence to disturb a Scheduled Monument without consent. It is a destruction of everyone's heritage to remove archaeological evidence from ANY site without proper recording and reporting.
Don't use metal detectors on historic sites without authorisation.
The information on this web page may be derived from information compiled by and/or copyright of Historic England, County Historic Environment Records and other individuals and organisations. It may also contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence. All the sources given should be consulted to identify the original copyright holder and permission obtained from them before use of the information on this site for commercial purposes.
The author and compiler of Gatehouse does not receive any income from the site and funds it himself. The information within this site is provided freely for educational purposes only.
The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
The possible site or monument is represented on maps as a point location. This is a guide only. It should be noted that OS grid references defines an area, not a point location. In practice this means the actual center of the site or monument may often, but not always, be to the North East of the point shown. Locations derived from OS grid references and from latitude longitiude may differ by a small distance.
Further information on mapping and location can be seen at this link.
Please help to make this as useful a resource as possible by contacting Gatehouse if you see errors, can add information or have suggestions for improvements in functality and design.
Help is acknowledged.
This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:28

Home | Books | Links | Fortifications and Castles | Other Information | Help | Downloads | Author Information | Contact