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Furnace House, West Allen

In the civil parish of West Allen.
In the historic county of Northumberland.
Modern Authority of Northumberland.
1974 county of Northumberland.
Medieval County of Northumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY77195126
Latitude 54.85565° Longitude -2.35685°

Furnace House, West Allen has been described as a probable Bastle.

There are major building remains.

This is a Grade 2 listed building protected by law*.


Bastle house, dated 1639 with initials T K on byre entance lintel; extended in late C17 and remodelled in early C18 (1710(?) date on jamb of 1st floor door). Large rubble with dressings, stone slate roof. Bastle 2 storeys, 3 bays. Off-centre doorway, partly blocked, with chamfered surround; 1st-floor door directly above with tooled jambs and lintel. To left small 1st-floor window in tooled stone surround, to right small ground-floor window and larger 1st-floor window. Left extension has doorway with wood lintel and to left a small window with wood frame. Right return has ground-floor door and small attic window with wood frame. Outshuts to rear.
Interior: bastle byre entrance has chamfered triangular head. Bastle has internal set-back on rear (north) wall at 1st floor level, remains of C18 corbelled fireplace at east end and central collar-beam roof truss with slightly curved principals. The gable end of the extension shows the remains of a saltbox rebated for a door and a pair of corbels for the original stack. Empty and derelict at time of survey. The house has historical connections with early lead smelting. in the area, as well as being a rare example of a dated bastle. (Listed Building Report)

At the time of survey the building is being restored and its interior is inaccessible. The building consists of a bastle 7.7m by 6.25m externally, with a 6.4m long extension (of the same width) at the west end, with a later outshut to the north of both parts. The west end wall of the original bastle, 1.1m thick, has a central byre doorway with a triangular head and the incised inscription 'T K 1639', with a drawbar tunnel on the south and a harr socket in the lintel. The south and east walls of the bastle are only 0.6m-0.65m thick, and have probably been rebuilt; in the centre of the south wall is a chamfered doorway of later 17th century character, and directly above it a doorway with an unchamfered stone surround and an incised date, possibly '1710', on one of the blocks of the east jamb. West of the doorway is a small window with a tooled stone surround of early 18th century type, with sockets for a central iron bar; there is a larger 19th century window east of the doorway. There are remains of an 18th century corbelled fireplace at the east end, and a principal rafter roof truss with slightly curved principals, and a collar. The western extension is more ruinous (the upper part of the south wall has fallen) and may be of later 17th century date; on the internal face of its west gable are trace of a firehood (with a rebated oven or salt box) and corbels for a cantilevered stack (Ryder 1994-5). (Northumberland HER)
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:28

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