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Whitley Castle Bastle 2, Kirkhaugh

In the civil parish of Knaresdale with Kirkhaugh.
In the historic county of Northumberland.
Modern Authority of Northumberland.
1974 county of Northumberland.
Medieval County of Northumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY69454867
Latitude 54.83197° Longitude -2.47701°

Whitley Castle Bastle 2, Kirkhaugh has been described as a probable Bastle.

There are cropmark/slight earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


There is evidence for three post-Roman buildings within the walls of the fort. Two of these, similar in outline and probably in date, lie within the retentura, close by and roughly parallel with the south western rampart.
The second building in the retentura lay some 15m to the north-west of the bastle. This is indicated by a somewhat less coherent pattern of robbing trenches and scarps which form the outline of a similar linear structure, also positioned (albeit with less precision) on the line of a former barrack block. The building's dimensions, some 7m in width and 20m in length, are similar to those of the adjacent bastle, and traces of an internal partition suggest that it too may have undergone a process of enlargement. The main difference is that the walls of this second building appear to have been considerably less massive, a distinction that might allow this structure to be classified as a 'bastle-derivative' or 'byre house': a less defendable dwelling in the same overall tradition, normally dated to the 18th or early 19th centuries (Ryder 1995, 8-9; Lake and Edwards 2006, 42-3). Although the second building may have been a replacement for the bastle, it is much more likely that it formed part of an enlarged settlement, contemporary with (and presumably related to) the development of the adjacent group at Whitlow. (Went and Ainsworth)

See records for Whitley Castle Bastle 1; Whitlow bastles 1, 2 and 3 and Holymire Bastle
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:28

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