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The Bailie

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Ye Baile; Bailey; Balyhead; Baileyhead

In the civil parish of Bewcastle.
In the historic county of Cumberland.
Modern Authority of Cumbria.
1974 county of Cumbria.
Medieval County of Cumberland.

OS Map Grid Reference: NY516777
Latitude 55.09136° Longitude -2.75986°

The Bailie has been described as a probable Pele Tower, and also as a probable Bastle.

There are no visible remains.


A map in the British Museum, dated December 1590, has marked 'Ye Bailie' with a tower symbol. It is marked on the map immediately south of the confluence of Black Leuen and White Leuen (the Black and White Lyne) but the related positions of other towers, particularly Troughead (NY47NE6) and Comcrook (NY57SW2) suggest that the name White Leuen has been applied to that part of the Black Lyne eastwards of its confluence with Bailey Water. If this was so the map would indicate a position for this tower in the vicinity of Low Todholes (NY 519777)
There are no remains or any local knowledge of a tower in the area of Low Todholes (Field Investigators Comments–F1 BHP 02-APR-7).
A divination survey was undertaken in 1982 to the rear of Snouts Farm at NY518768. Further site identification required (Perriam and Robinson). (PastScape)

Several site proposed, Rear of Snouts Farm at NY518768. Peelsteads field or the Nook at NY520777 (although that suggestion can be dismissed). A reading of the crude map and consideration of stopping raiders returning with stolen cattle suggests the location should be around NY516777 where two fords (The Breakings) would be controlled. However, such house were mainly sited for other reasons (agricultural and tenurial) so further investigation certainly required.
Perriam and Robinson do not do themselves any credit by including a 'plan' based on the hokum of a divining survey.
Quite what is meant by the symbols on the Aglionby Platt is uncertain but a defensive building of some sort is probable. This could include three storey chamber blocks attached to halls (pele towers) or solidly built farmhouses of two storeys (bastles).
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This record last updated 26/07/2017 09:21:30

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