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Pen y Clawdd Castle, Crucorney

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Llantilio Pertholey; Penyclawdd Court

In the community of Crucorney.
In the historic county of Monmouthshire.
Modern authority of Monmouthshire.
Preserved county of Gwent.

OS Map Grid Reference: SO30992009
Latitude 51.87534° Longitude -3.00388°

Pen y Clawdd Castle, Crucorney has been described as a probable Timber Castle, and also as a probable Fortified Manor House.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


A sub-circular ditched mound, c.28-30m in diameter and 2.4m high, without which on the N & W are two banks either side of a wet moat, the top of these banks are approximatly level with the summit of the mound, & it is suggested that this has been subject to landscaping (see Nprn401612); on the SE are the house, enclosures & outbuildigs of Pen-y-Clawdd Court (Nprn20628, 43337); together these features appear to be set within a poorly defined subrectangular enclosure, c.150m NNW-SSE by 135m. (Coflein)

The monument comprises the remains of a motte and ditch, dating to the medieval period (c. 1066 -1540 AD). The motte comprises a circular steep-sided mound 30m in diameter and up to 2.2m high. The summit is flat and measures 22m in diameter. A 4m wide ditch surrounds the motte, but has been built over on the S and E sides. Outside the ditch is a flat, steep-sided bank 3m high and 4m wide. Outside the bank there is a further 4m wide ditch. Outside the outer ditch is a further bank, 2m high on the outside. An excavation carried out on the site revealed walls on the summit of the motte. (Scheduling Report)

Phillips writes 'Penyclawdd should be reassessed as a later fortified house thereby removing it from the list of motte and bailey castles.' (p103) However he does also state that 'excavations revealed a possibility that a motte and bailey castle may have pre-dated the present mound. This possibility is suggested by the depth of the encircling ditch coupled with the potential of the existence of a bailey as suggested by the bank south of the barn complex' (p298) The excavation suggests 'that the mound once supported a large rectangular masonry structure which suffered fire damage' although this building was dated to the C13.
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Sources of information, references and further reading
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This record last updated 07/07/2016 08:44:02