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Powis Middle Park Mound

Also known as, or recorded in historical documents as;
Pola; Pole; Pool; Trallwng

In the community of Welshpool.
In the historic county of Montgomeryshire.
Modern authority of Powys.
Preserved county of Powys.

OS Map Grid Reference: SJ20170575
Latitude 52.64371° Longitude -3.18072°

Powis Middle Park Mound has been described as a probable Timber Castle.

There are earthwork remains.

This site is a scheduled monument protected by law.


A ditched mound, 23m in diameter and 1.8m high, set into a sub-circular ditched enclosure, c.48m in diameter. (Coflein)

Very feeble mound and enclosure, not very much like even an unfinished motte and bailey. (King)

The monument consists of a well-preserved circular mound c.1.5m in height and c.20m in diameter, with a flat summit. A sub-rectangular earthwork runs northward from the eastern edge of the mound and runs around the western side, forming an enclosure c.34m N-S x 40m. The monument is of national importance for its potential to enhance our knowledge of medieval settlement, and possible prehistoric funerary practices. Although the origin of the earthworks are uncertain, and indeed may be multi-period in date, it is well-preserved and its location gives it added group value. (Scheduling Report)

Spurgeon favours a peculiar barrow as the best explanation for this mound. The RCAHMW thought was a barrow with a drainage ditch and floodbank. Later investigations by Thomas seem to favour site as a motte. He writes 'Ditch of motte c 62m dia E section not visible, possible entrance on NE side a bank running for 56m lies to the W'

Peter Barton (2012) suggests this was a look out point for the neighbouring castles (Domen Castell; Ladies Mount; Nantcribba; Lower Munlyn; Hen Domen) on the grounds of inter-visibility and, in the 'almost perfect straight line' alignment of this site and Domen Castell and Ladies Mount.

Gatehouse does not find Barton's argument convincing (he does not take into account the cost of staffing a lookout) and this is a site that requires further study. It is in the centre of Powis Castle park and may have had use and origin as a park feature ? viewing mound, ? foresters lodge? swainmoot mound?
Links to archaeological and architectural databases, mapping and other online resources

Data >
Coflein   County HER   Scheduling        
Maps >
Streetmap   NLS maps   Where's the path   Old-Maps      
Data/Maps > 
Magic   Historic Wales   V. O. B.   Geology   LIDAR  
Air Photos > 
Bing Maps   Google Maps   Getmapping   ZoomEarth      
Photos >
CastleFacts   Geograph   Flickr   Panoramio      

Sources of information, references and further reading
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The bibliography owes much to various bibliographies produced by John Kenyon for the Council for British Archaeology, the Castle Studies Group and others.
Suggestions for finding online and/or hard copies of bibliographical sources can be seen at this link.
Minor archaeological investigations, such as watching brief reports, and some other 'grey' literature is most likely to be held by H.E.R.s but is often poorly referenced and is unlikely to be recorded here, or elsewhere, but some suggestions can be found here.
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This record last updated 04/07/2016 11:25:46